Himachal Pradesh : The earliest known inhabitants of the region were tribal's called Dasas. Later, Aryans came and they assimilated in the tribes. In the later centuries, the hill chieftains accepted suzerainty of the Mauryan empire, the Kaushans, the Guptas and Kanuaj rulers. During the Mughal period, the Rajas of the hill states made some mutually agreed arrangements which governed their relations. In the 19th century, Ranjit Singh annexed/subjugated many of the states. When the British came, they defeated Gorkhas and entered into treaties with some Rajas and annexed the kingdoms of others. The situation more or less remained unchanged till 1947. After Independence, 30 princely states of the area were united and Himachal Pradesh was formed on 15th April, 1948. With the recognition of Punjab on 1st November, 1966, certain areas belonging to it were also included in Himachal Pradesh. On 25th January, 1971, Himachal Pradesh was made a full-fledged State.

State Capital : Shimla
STD Code Shimla : 0177

Latitude 30o 22' 40" N to 33o 12' 40" N
Longitude 75o 45' 55" E to 79o 04' 20" E
Height (From mean sea Level) 350 meter to 6975 meter
Average Rainfall 1469 mm
State Animal Musk Deer
State Bird Monal
State Language Hindi & Local Dialects
Major Rivers Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Parbati
Major Lakes Renuka, Rewalsar, Khajjiar, Dal, Beas Kund, Dasaur, Brighu, Prashar, Mani Mahesh, Chander Tal, Suraj Tal, Kareri, Sreolsar, Gobind Sagar, Nako

Himachal Fairs & Festivals Quick Glance :
Shivratri Fair held at Baijnath in February.
Shivratri Fair held at Mandi in February-March.
Nalwari Cattle Fair held at Bilaspur in March.
Chessu Fair held at Rewalsar in March.
Holi Fair held at Sujanpur Tira in March.
Rohru Festival held at Rohru in April.
Summer Festival held at Dharamsala in May.
Summer Festival held at Shimla in May-June.
Salloni Fair held at Solan in June.
Minjar Fair held at Chamba in July.
Ladarcha Fair held at Kaza in July-August.
Tribal Fair held at Keylond in August.
Phulaich Festival held at Sangla in August-September.
Manimahesh Yatra held at Mountain Kailash reached by trek from Bharmaur ( Chamba ) in August-September.
Dushehra Festival held at Kullu in October-November.
Lavi Fair held at Rampur in November.
Renuka Fair held at Rampur in November.
Tribal Festival held at Recong Peo in October-November.

Himachal Adventure Activities Quick Glance :
Skiing at Narkanda in Shimla and Solang in Manali.
Heli Skiing at Rohtang Pass in Manali.
Mountaineering at Manali Mountaineering Institute.
Rock Climbing at Manali Mountaineering Institute.
River Rafting at Manali, Rampur, Jispa and Spiti.
Para Gliding at Bir and Biling in Palampur and Solang in Manali
Ice Skating at Shimla.
Trekking at all over the State.

Himachal Temples Quick Glance :
Trilokpur Temple at Trilokpur 16 km. from Nahan.
Renuka Temple at Renuka 45 km. from Nahan.
Parshuram Temple at Nirmund 14 km. from Rampur.
Hateshwari Temple at Hatkoti 104 km. from Shimla.
Surya Temple at Nirth 122 km. from Shimla.
Bhimakali Temple at Sarahan 175 km. from Shimla.
Tarna Devi and Bhootnath Temples at Mandi.
Naina Devi Temple at Naina Devi.
Baba Balaknath Temple at Deot Sidh.
Chintpurni Temple at Chintpurni.
Jawalaji Temple at Jwalamukhi in district Kangra.
Brijeshwari Temple at Kangra.
Chamundaji Temple at Chamunda in district Kangra.
Shiva Temple at Baijnath in Kangra.
Bhagsunag Temple at Bhagsunag 12 km. from Dharamsala.
Masroor Rock Temple at Masroor 46 km. from Dharamsala.
Basheshwar Mahadev Temple at Bajaura 15 km. from Kullu.
Raghunathji Temple at Kullu.
Bijli Mahadev Temple at 12 km. trek from Kullu.
Shiva and Ram Temples at Manikaran.
Gayatri Temple at Jagatsukh 6 km. from Manali.
Hadimba Devi Temple at Manali.
Trilokinath Temple at Trilokpur 150 km. from Manali.
Mrikula Devi Temple at Udaipur 150 km. from Manali.
Laxmi Narain Temple at Chamba Bazaar.
Chaurasi Temples at Bharmaur 65 km. from Chamba.

Himachal Monasteries Quick Glance :
Ki Monastery also known as Kie Gompa at 7 km. from Kaza in district Lahaul Spiti.
Kungri Monastery at 32 km. from Kaza in district Lahaul Spiti.
Thangyud Monastery at Komik 6 km. trek from Kaza in district Lahaul Spiti.
Shasur Monastery at 3 km. from Keylong in district Lahaul Spiti.
Tayul Monastery at 96 km. from Keylong in district Lahaul Spiti.
Khardong Monastery at 5 km. from Keylong in district Lahaul Spiti.
Guru Ghantal Monastery at 4 km. trek from Tandi in district Lahaul Spiti.
Gemur Monastery at Gemur, 18 km. from Keylong in district Lahaul Spiti.
Monastery at Manali in district Kullu.
Tashijong Monastery at 2o km. from Joginder Nagar in district Mandi.
Monastery at Mcleodganj, Dharamsala in district Kangra.

Himachal Rivers Quick Glance :
Sutlej River : flowing through parts of Kinnaur, Rampur and Tattapani
Beas River : flowing through Manali, Kullu, Mandi, Sujanpur, Dehra
Ravi River: flowing through Chamba
Spiti River : flowing through Kaza, Tabo and Chango )
Parvati River : flowing through Manikaran
Giri River : flowing through Renuka
Pabbar River : flowing through Hatkoti and Rohru
Yamuna River: flowing through Paonta Sahib

Himachal Lakes Quick Glance :
Chandra Tal : 12 km. trek from Kunzum Pass
Suraj Tal : 15 km. trek from Patseo
Nako Lake at Nako
Bhrigu Lake: 13 km. trek from Manali
Dashir Lake 6 km. from Rohtang Pass
Beas Kund 20 km. trek from Solang
Mantalai Lake 6 days trek from Manikaran
Prashar Lake 5 km. trek from Pandoh
Seoralsar Lake 11 km. trek from Jalori Pass
Kareri Lake 28 km. trek from Dharamsala
Manimahesh Lake 120 km. from Chamba
Dal Lake 2 km. from Mcleodganj

Himachal Fishing Resorts Quick Glance :
Rohru famous for Trout Fishing and 128 km. from Shimla
Chirgaon famous for Trout Fishing and 143 km. from Shimla
Tattapan famous for Trout Fishing and 51 km. from Shimla
Katrain famous for Trout Fishing and 20 km. from Manali
Largi famous for Trout Fishing and 34 km. from Kullu
Banjar famous for Trout Fishing and 55 km. from Kullu
Kasol famous for Trout Fishing and 5 km. from Manikaran
Dehra famous for Mahasheer Fishing and 11 km. from Jwalamukhi
Nadaun famous for Mahasheer Fishing and 28 km. from Hamirpur
Maharana Pratap Sgar or Pong Dam famous for Mahasheer Fishing and 36 km. from Chintpurni
Barot famous for Mahasheer Fishing and 39 km. from Jogindernagar

Himachal Hot Springs Quick Glance :
Vashisht :Sulphur Springs and is 3 km. from Manali.
Kalath : Hot Springs and is 9 km. from Manali.
Manikaran : Hot Springs and is 45 km. from Kullu.
Khirganga : Hot Springs and is 33 km. trek from Manikaran.
Tattapani :Hot Springs and is 51 km from Shimla.

Himachal Museums Quick Glance :
State Museum located at Shimla.
HPTDC's Museum located at Naggar Castle.
Reorich Art Gallery located at Naggar.
Bhuri Singh Museum located at Chamba.
Shobha Singh Art Gallery located at Andreta, Palampur.
Kangra Art Gallery located at Dharamsala.

Himachal Wild Life / Zoo / Pheasantry Quick Glance :
Himalayan National Park at TuttiKandi in Shimla.
Shimla Wildlife Sanctuary at Kufri in Shimla.
Pheasantry at Chaura Maidan in Shimla.
Renuka Wildlife Sanctuary at Renuka in Sirmaur.
Churdhar Wildlife Sanctuary at Nauradhar in Sirmaur.
Chail Wildlife Sanctuary at Chail in Solan.
Great Himalayan National Park at Parvati Valley in Kullu.
Manali Wildlife Sanctuary at Manali in Kullu.
Shikari Devi Wildlife Sanctuary at Janjehali.
Kalatop Wildlife Sanctuary at Khajjiar in Chamba.
Kugti Wildlife Sanctuary at Bharmaur in Chamba.
Pin Valley National Park at Spiti.
Nature Park at Kufri in Shimla.
Mini Zoo at Gopalpur in Kangra.
Pheasantryat Manali in Kullu.
Pheasantry at Sarahan in Shimla.

Himachal Important Peaks Quick Glance :
Kinner Kailash Peak 6,050 meters in height.
Mulkila Peak 6,517 meters in height.
Hatu Peak 3,136 meters in height.
Churdhar Peak 3,647 meters in height.
Sikar Beh 6,200 meters in height.
Hanuman Tibba 5,932 meters in height.
Kailash Peak 5,656 meters in height.
Geopang Goh Peak 5,870 meters in height.
Sarchu Peak 5,741 meters in height.
Shrikhand Mahadev Peak 5,227 meters in height.
Mukar Beh 6,069 meters in height.
Indrasan 6,220 meters in height.
Deo Tibba 6,001 meters in height.




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